AMERICAN military officials drew up a secret plan in 1930 for war against Britain in which Canada would be the main battleground. “Joint Plan Red”, as it was known, envisaged the elimination of Britain as a trading rival.
Professor Floyd Rudmin of Queens University in (Kingston) Ontario, Canada, charges that the plan was a blueprint for an American invasion of Canada. According to the plan, the United States was prepared to invade Canada if political unrest brought on by (the province of) Quebec‘s secession threatened American access to Canada‘s fresh water and cheap hydroelectric power.
It identified Britain as Red, Canada as Crimson, Australia and New Zealand as Scarlet, and the U.S. as Blue.
Its aim was to dismember the British empire on the grounds of “competition and interference with American foreign trade.”
Plan Red called for a series of coordinated military attacks against Canada to deny Britain land and naval bases. A naval force from Boston would seize Halifax (Nova Scotia), cutting off Canada from the Atlantic Ocean. Other U.S. forces would occupy the gulf of St. Lawrence … isolating Quebec City and Montreal.
American land forces would move from New York, Vermont and New Hampshire to take Montreal and Quebec City, much as American forces did during the Revolutionary war for independence during the 1770s.
Other U.S. forces would cross into Canada at Detroit (Michigan) and head for Ottawa, Canada‘s capital. American troops would also take the Welland Canal, paralyzing shipping on the Great Lakes, and would seize the power stations at Niagara Falls. Naval forces would blockade the Pacific at Victoria and Vancouver (province of British Columbia).
The 94-page Joint Plan Red document is now in the National Archives in Washington, DC. Edward Reese, a military archivist there, noted that “there were [official American] color plans for all parts of the world.”